Study Examines the Effects of Asthma Education Programs on Pediatric Primary Care Clinics

In an article published in April, 2016, in The Journal of Asthma, researchers examined if an Asthma Education Program for primary care practices would lead to better asthma care for pediatric patients. After conducting the study, they found “in-office training of non-physician asthma providers improves the quality of asthma care.”

In order to reach these results, ten practices were randomly assigned to two different groups: an “Early Asthma Education Intervention (EI) group” and a “Delayed Asthma Education Intervention (DI) group.” The EI received 12 months of intervention before being monitored for 6 months. The DI were monitored for 12 months, before receiving 6 months of intervention, and were then monitored for 6 months after. As part of the monitoring, they watched for “improvement in medical record documentation of National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) asthma quality indicators by blinded random review of patient charts.”

After the monitoring, the researchers found the EI group had “significant improvement in documentation of asthma severity, education, action plan, night time symptoms, and symptoms with exercise compared to baseline,” as well as improved documentation “compared to DI group at baseline and at the 12-month interval.” The DI group had significant improvements of documentation in general at 6, 12, and 18 months, but also significant improvement “in documentation of NAEPP treatment guidelines was noted at 18 and 24 months.” Both groups had this improvement remain “relatively stable at 6 months after the intervention, with no significant differences between groups.”

To read the abstract of the study, click here.