Research Investigates Role of Antibiotic Use in the Development of Childhood Asthma

Researchers published an article in the September 2016 Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology investigating what role “early-life intestinal microbiota” and “antibiotics taken during early life or in late pregnancy” have in the development of childhood asthma. Researchers “conducted a case-sibling study in which 1228 children with asthma were compared to 1228 siblings without asthma,” as well as a case-control study.

After analyzing results, researchers found “Antibiotic use in the third trimester of pregnancy was associated with a small increased risk of asthma in preschool children.” In the case-control analysis, they also found “exposure to antibiotics in any trimester of pregnancy” had a significant association with the development of asthma.”

The abstract for the article can be found here.