Study: The Effect of Community Health Workers on Hospitalization for Asthma

In a study published in the March edition of the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, researchers tested whether community health workers were able to reach low-income parents of African American children hospitalized for asthma and if they were then able to help reduce rehospitalization. A cohort of 191 African American children (2-8 years of age) with Medicaid coverage in an urban children’s hospital and the surrounding community were recruited for the intervention. Community health workers (coaches) reinforced basic asthma education and encouraged key management behaviors through home visits and phone calls tailored to parent’s readiness to adopt management practices. The results showed that among those children and parents that had contact with an asthma coach, 36.5% of children were rehospitalized. Among families that did not receive contact from an asthma coach, 59.1% of children were rehospitalized. The authors concluded that an asthma coach can reach low-income parents of African American children hospitalized for asthma and reduce hospitalization among the children.

To view the abstract of this study, visit //archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/163/3/225?eaf.

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