Study: Indoor residential chemical emission and respiratory health in children

In an on-line early article from the journal Indoor Air, the author reviews and summarizes 21 studies on the associations between indoor residential chemical emissions, or emission-related materials or activities, and respiratory health or allergy in infants or children. Associations were reported between many risk factors and respiratory or allergic effects. Risk factors identified most frequently included formaldehyde or particleboard, phthalates or plastic materials, and recent painting. Findings for other risk factors, such as aromatic and aliphatic chemical compounds, were limited but suggestive. Elevated risks were also reported for renovation and cleaning activities, new furniture, and carpets or textile wallpaper. Reviewed studies were entirely observational, limited in size, and variable in quality, and specific risk factors identified may only be indicators for correlated, truly causal exposures. The overall evidence suggests a new class of residential risk factors for adverse respiratory effects, ubiquitous in modern residences, and distinct from those currently recognized. Findings also suggest that it is important to confirm and quantify any risks, to motivate and guide necessary preventive actions. To view the abstract for this study visit //www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1600-0668.2007.00478.x.

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